First, select the Host... action from the Session menu.
You will see this dialog pop up:
Fill in a title, your username, and optionally a password for the session. If you're hosting a long running or recurring session and want a nicer URL, you can add a custom ID alias. Typically you should leave this empty, though.
If you're hosting a session that's open to the public, you can check the List at checkbox to announce the session at a list server. Listing a session also gives you a "room code": a five letter code that works like a short URL. If you're hosting a private session but still want to make use of the room code feature, select the Private listing type. This way, the session is not shown in the public list, but you still get the room code.
Next, you must decide where to host the session. If you select the built-in option, the server will run on your computer and other users must connect to it directly. (It also means that when you quit Drawpile, the session ends.) This is best for sessions with just a few users at most. Using the built-in server means you may need to configure your firewall to allow incoming connections. See more below.
Another option is to host on an external server. A public server is hosted here
on drawpile.net you can use: just enter
drawpile.net in the remote option box. See also
the dedicated server page on how to set up your own dedicated server.
Click Host to start the session.
Now, you just need to invite friends to join! If you announced the session this is easy: your session will appear in the find list in the join dialog. Also, take a look at the bottom right corner of the status bar. You should see something like: Room code: ABCDE there. This session can also be joined by entering this code in the join address box.
Tip: Right click on the status bar address label for more options.
The Settings tab contains various session settings that you usually don't need to change every time you host a session. All of these settings can be changed afterwards.
When Allow drawing by default is not checked, users who log in to the session will be automatically locked. This is useful when hosting a livestream style session where most or all participants are just spectating.
If lock layer controls is checked, only session operators are allowed to modify the layer stack (create, delete,reorder or rename layers.)
Dedicated servers may support persistent sessions. Normally, the session is removed from the server as soon as the last user leaves it, but a persistent session will remain open for new users to join even after it has become vacant.
Checking preserve chat makes chat messages part of the session history. This means users joining later will be able to see what was said before they logged in. See the Chat page for details.
Dealing with firewalls
Due to the shortage of IPv4 addresses, home routers typically come with a NAT firewall enabled by default. This means all the computers in the network are hidden behind a single IP address. For basic web surfing this is not a problem, but it makes it difficult for others to connect to you since the router doesn't know which machine on the internal network the incoming connection should be directed to.
The above picture is complicated a little by the fact that some ISPs deploy Carrier-grade NAT. If the ISP does not have enough addresses for their customers, they may add another layer of NAT so that even your router does not get a public address. In this case, port forwarding will not work and your only option is to use a dedicated server hosted elsewhere. (At least until IPv6 becomes widely available.)
Note that even a bridging router may have a firewall that blocks incoming connections! In this case, the port used by Drawpile (by default 27750) should be allowed.
There are a few ways the NAT problem can be worked around:
- Check if you can use IPv6
- Have someone who is not behind a NAT host the session
- Run a dedicated server on a machine not behind a NAT
- Use a public server
- Use a virtual private network
- Set up port forwarding
Using IPv6 (if available) is the best solution, but it has the downside that all other users connecting to you must also have IPv6. Note that Drawpile currently always shows your IPv4 address, even if you have a public IPv6 address. (This is actually a bug, but the behavior is OK for the moment, since IPv6 is not universally available yet.)
How to set up port forwarding depends on your router, but it typically goes something like this:
- Go to the router configuration site (Often 192.168.1.1 or 10.0.0.1)
- Go to the "forwarding" or "virtual servers" page
- Create a new forwarding entry: port 27750, TCP protocol and the IP address of your computer. (It helps to assign a static IP to your computer, so you don't need to change the forwarding entry later)
If you have a local firewall (Windows firewall, Comodo, McAfee, F-secure, etc.), you need to configure that as well. For more detailed guides, check out portforward.com.
When hosting from behind a NAT, the address in the status bar is your private network address. For people from the outside Internet to join your session, you need to give out your public IP address. Drawpile 0.7.2 can look up your externally visible IP address automatically using ipecho.net service.
Right click on the address and select "Get externally visible IP address" to replace the internal address with the public one.